We should think to create happy India.
But first of all we should think what we mean by happy India. Very nice wide highways connecting big cities is not the sign of happy India. Big cities with tall buildings is not the sign of happy India. Fast air conditioned trains and planes is not the sign of happy India. Big factories producing mass products is not the sign of happy India. Big universities, colleges, hospitals, administrative buildings etc. is not the sign of happy India.
Happiness lies in freedom. Freedom of earning the livelihood without anybody's interference, without any tension, without any exploitation, without any helplessness is the real happiness. Freedom lies in working for self, not for others. Free independent farmer with his own land producing grains, vegetables, pulses, fruits etc. must be the happiest person on the earth, if he is not exploited. India lives in villages. Majority are farmers. Let us make them happy by using solar energy. Let us think how we can make.
One horse power is equivalent to 10 men power. If we create 5 horse power of solar energy, it is equivalent to 50 men power. If we create 5 hp solar power plant for farmer, he will use 50 men power free of cost. Here lies the secret of creating the wealth in villages. In fact industrial revolution used this secret to exploit the entire world for the benefit of handful of people. 1 MW power is equivalent to 14000 men power. 100 MW thermal power plant is equivalent to 1400000 men powers. So wherever men power is used, it is replaced by electricity, throwing the people jobless and enjoying the fruits of electricity by only one person. The work which is done by 100 people in 8 hours can be easily done by 10 hp (7 KW) electric motor running 8 hours. This means consuming only 7 KW x 8 hours equals to 56 KWH which cost only 56 x Rs 5 = Rs 280 ( about US$ 6 only ). But if this 100 people were to work instead of electricity, we have to pay them bare minimum for their livelihood Rs 100 per day x 100 men or workers = Rs 10000 ( at least US$ 220 ). So look at the vast difference. If factory owner employs 100 workers, he has to pay US$ 220, but if he drives out all 100 workers and uses electricity he has to pay only US$ 6. So replacing men power by a machine power will earn him 220/6 is equal to 37 times higher profit. In this way 4 billion people on this earth have been thrown on the street to starve and to die and 1 billion people is just hand to mouth to meet both the ends together hardly and fruits of all this 5 billion people are enjoyed by 1 billion people and especially a handful of industrialist and rich people. So all these centralized thermal power plants, nuclear power plants, hydro projects, grid electricity etc is used for the benefit of handful of multi billionaire people.
We can break this entire structure by solar energy which is gift of God maximum in India. So let us create 5 crores of tiny solar power plants of 5 to 10 hp. It will pump water from the well, it will run the thrashers to separate the grain, it will make rice from paddy, it will gin cotton to separate cotton seed, it will spin cotton to make yarn, it will weave yarn to make cloth, it will crush sugarcane to make sugarcane juice and jaggery from it, it will grind wheat to get wheat flour, it will run oil expeller to get cooking oil. All activities will be done in the farms not even in villages. Farmers will live in the farms and will get prosperity by creating value added products. All unemployed people in villages will get immediate employment. On the contrary there will be dearth of men power required to operate small industries in the farms. So unemployed people living in slums in the cities will come to villages and farms, to work under nature and to become happy in villages. Please think over the significance of 5 crore of tiny solar power plants of 5 HP to 10 HP say it is of 5 KW x 5 crore equal to 25 crore KW equal to 250000 MW. This is far more than all centralized, exploitative, polluting, giant power plants produce to exploit poor rural India. In this scheme fuel cost is ZERO, transport is minimum, where transport is minimum, happiness will be maximum and where transport is maximum, happiness will be minimum.
To make this picture realistic, essential equipment is solar concentrator. It collects sunshine and creates heat energy which is converted into mechanical energy by steam engine or by stirling engine.
So first let us concentrate on solar concentrator. It is very easy to make large solar concentrator. It is so easy to construct a solar concentrator that you cannot believe it. Single solar concentrator of 90 to 100 sq mt is easy to make. I can teach free of cost how to make it, no big knowledge is required, no engineer is required, primary education is quite enough to make it. Inner skill of even illiterate person is enough to understand its technology. So village carpenter or village blacksmith can easily manufacture large solar concentrator. One large solar concentrator will produce 5 hp power. Please remember making a large solar concentrator is equivalent to producing 50 robots for us. It is not essential to use costly steel for making solar concentrator, wood also will do. Bamboo also can work, very simple workshop tools will be enough to make solar concentrator.
Solar concentrator consists of rigid square frame of say 12 mt x 12 mt supported vertically by single vertical pole in the center and revolving around the vertical axis. Complete rigid frame should remain 8 to 10 degree inclined with horizontal, then you should insert mirrors swinging shafts all parallel with the ground, just like we fit parallel bars in the window. On this shafts mirrors of 90 cm x 20 cm should be fitted. Roughly 500 or more mirrors should be accommodated on 1 frame and the mirror shafts should tilt on its own axis to focus the mirrors against the sun from time to time, which can be done by connecting all the mirror shafts by levers, so that one hand wheel can tilt all mirrors at a time. Anybody can come to my factory, look the the construction of solar concentrator and copy it, modify it, improve it, create solar energy and revolutionize rural India to create healthy and happy India.
We are standing at a threshold of revolution. Please understand the situation, please grab the opportunity. If we can make 5 crores of solar concentrators, there will be end of industrial revolution, sucking the blood of common masses and making the dance of creating a handful of multi billionaire people in the name of development. All thermal power plants and nuclear power plants will be closed down, remaining as skeleton of madness, foolishness, and the greed of money powered people.
If you are attracted with this open field with no competition, you jump into the business of solar concentrators. In a few years only you will be able to earn lakhs and crores of rupees according to your capacity to earn. At present solar concentrator cost US$ 400 per sq mt ( Rs 18000 per sq mt ). If grass root rural manufacturers are involved in this business, cost price can be reduced from US$ 400 to US$ 80 only i.e. you can reduce the price from 100% to 20%, 5 times lower, making the solar energy strongly viable. There will be huge market for exports of solar concentrators, sky is the end, huge opportunities are lying before you. In a solar power plant, solar concentrator constitutes 85% cost and remaining 15% will be for steam engine or stirling engine.
So let us change entire India from poverty to prosperity, from crowded cities to clean environment friendly farms and villages, from huge disparity to equality, from tensionful life to peaceful life, from foolishness to wisdom, from war to peace, from pollution to clean environment. We can create the society with no struggle, no tension, no poverty, no unemployment, no exploitation, no quarrels, no fighting, no crime, no big companies, no stock market, no rich people, no big cities, no much transport, no greed of money. Everywhere peace and harmony, friendship and fraternity. Then heaven will descend on this earth.